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    The Sputnik

    The Soviet Union launched the Sputnik with three artificial earth satellites On October 4, 1957. Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to be launched, has an 83.6 kg capsule. It reached an orbit of 940 km and 230 km and orbited the Earth every 96 minutes and remained in orbit until January 4, 1958. When it falls back and burns up in the Earth’s atmosphere. Many Americans were shocked after the launch of Sputnik 1. The Sputnik launch led to a “space race” between America and the Soviet Union. Launched on November 3, 1957, Sputnik 2 shot into space and took the first living creature to orbit the Earth, the dog…